One of the risk factors for developing stomach cancer is permanent infection with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that causes chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Other risk factors include foods high in salt, nitrosamines, protein and vitamin deficiencies, smoking, and alcohol. The risk of cancer also increases due to previous stomach surgeries.Diagnostics:
- reflexion of the stomach with tissue sampling from the tumor,
- ultrasound of the stomach from the inside (endosonography),
- computed tomography of the chest and abdomen.
During the intervention, part or all of the stomach is removed, depending on the location and stage of the tumor. Surgeons also need to remove the lymph nodes in the stomach drainage area, and in some cases, the spleen must also be removed.
After the stomach is removed, the esophagus is connected to the small intestine. The operation can be performed through an incision in the abdominal cavity or by a minimally invasive method.